Minoxidil was the first drug to be approved by the U.S. FDA for treating hair loss. It is available in the form of topical solution, foam, or cream, and it works by increasing blood flow to the scalp. This increased blood flow nourishes the hair follicles, stimulating them to produce thicker, stronger hair. The drug is available over-the-counter, and it is easy to use. However, it may take several months before any significant improvement is noticed, and it does not work for everyone.
Finasteride is an oral medication that is prescribed by a doctor for hair loss. The drug blocks the production of dihydrotestosterone, a hormone responsible for hair loss. By blocking this hormone, finasteride can help to slow down or even reverse hair loss. The medication needs to be taken daily for several months to see any results, and it may have side effects such as decreased libido and erectile dysfunction.
Corticosteroids are a type of medication that is prescribed to reduce inflammation in the body. They can be prescribed as a treatment for alopecia, and they can be taken orally, injected, or applied topically. Corticosteroids work by suppressing the immune system, which in turn reduces inflammation in the hair follicles, prevents hair loss, and promotes hair growth. However, corticosteroids can have side effects such as weight gain, osteoporosis, and diabetes.
Anthralin is a topical medication that is used to treat psoriasis, but it can also help to treat alopecia. The medication works by reducing inflammation and slowing down the production of skin cells. This slows down the rate at which hair follicles are attacked, allowing them to recover and continue producing hair. The medication needs to be applied to the scalp for several hours before being washed off, and it can cause skin irritation and discoloration.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a relatively new treatment for hair loss. It involves taking a sample of the patient's blood, spinning it in a centrifuge, and then re-injecting it into the scalp. The platelets in the blood promote hair growth and reduce inflammation in the scalp. The treatment requires multiple sessions, and it can be expensive. However, it is a promising new treatment for alopecia, and it has few side effects.
Unhealthy lifestyles can have an irreversible impact on our physical and mental health. Alopecia is just one example of the effects of poor nutrition, stress, and physical inactivity. However, with new alopecia drugs and treatments, we can fight back against this condition and regain our confidence and hair health. Minoxidil, finasteride, corticosteroids, anthralin, and platelet-rich plasma are a few examples of medications that can help individuals struggling with hair loss.