Wind energy has emerged as a sustainable and powerful source of electricity generation. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the amount of electricity generated by wind rose by 265 TWh in 2022, making it the most used non-hydro renewable technology.
Wind turbine gearboxes play a pivotal role in transmitting the power from the blades to the generator to allow the obedient operation. Researchers have been prospering in the making of gearbox designs that are more reliable and need less maintenance using ceramic or plastic to reduce friction and wear.
Today, companies are combining machine learning with physics-based models for wind turbines, adding historical failure information about wind speed, temperature, pressure, and real-time power generation. This increases confidence in predicting the probability of gearbox damage and improves overall model accuracy.
Adopting direct drive systems, advanced lubrication, and conditional monitoring can pave the way to renovate the wind turbine gearboxes. As the world shifts to renewable energy power generation, advanced wind turbine gearboxes play an important role in harnessing wind power, driving us to a greener future.