Network Switches

Network Switches Market by Type (Fixed Configuration Switches, Modular Switches), Network Architecture (Access Port, Hybrid Port, Trunk Port), Functionality, Data Speed, End-User - Global Forecast 2024-2030

360iResearch Analyst
SPEAK TO ANALYST? OR FACE-TO-FACE MEETING?
Want to know more about the network switches market or any specific requirement? Ketan helps you find what you're looking for.
DOWNLOAD A FREE PDF
This free PDF includes market data points, ranging from trend analysis to market estimates & forecasts. See for yourself.

[192 Pages Report] The Network Switches Market size was estimated at USD 33.56 billion in 2023 and expected to reach USD 35.55 billion in 2024, at a CAGR 6.43% to reach USD 51.93 billion by 2030.

Network Switches Market
To learn more about this report, request a free PDF copy

Network switches act as the control center that directs data, in terms of packets, to specific areas within a network. They operate at the data link layer, also known as Layer 2, of the open systems interconnection (OSI) model. These devices receive incoming data from multiple inputs and precisely allocate the data to the appropriate output port, thus ensuring effective communication between different devices within the network. The bring your own device (BYOD) in several corporate sectors has instigated unprecedented data traffic, propelling the demand for enhanced network switches. However, the high installation and maintenance costs and data security issues can impede the growth of the network switches market. Nevertheless, the expanding application of network switches in industrial infrastructures, such as smart grid, intelligent rail, security, surveillance, and other utilities with evolving 5G technology, further offers a promising potential for advancing network switches.

Regional Insights

The American market showcases the high demand for network switches due to advanced IT infrastructure and well-established sectors, including telecommunications and banking, financial services, and insurance (BFSI). In addition, the focus on high-speed networking solutions to support the growing demand for data centers and cloud-based services is another facet driving the network switches market in the Americas. The EMEA region, including the European Union countries, the Middle East, and Africa, has stringent regulations and environmental consciousness; therefore, there is increased emphasis on energy-efficient and scalable network solutions. On the other hand, Middle Eastern countries investing in smart city projects, expansion of business operations by multinational companies, and an increasing number of data centers contribute to the growth of the network switches market. In Asia-Pacific, market growth is fueled by increased investments in telecommunication infrastructure, a burgeoning IT sector, and the rising proliferation of connected devices. The region's manufacturing and service industries are undergoing a digital transformation, demanding more effective and efficient network systems and components such as network switches.

Market Dynamics

The market dynamics represent an ever-changing landscape of the Network Switches Market by providing actionable insights into factors, including supply and demand levels. Accounting for these factors helps design strategies, make investments, and formulate developments to capitalize on future opportunities. In addition, these factors assist in avoiding potential pitfalls related to political, geographical, technical, social, and economic conditions, highlighting consumer behaviors and influencing manufacturing costs and purchasing decisions.

  • Market Drivers
    • Rise in internet penetration and high requirement for efficient management of telecom services
    • Augmented demand for cloud & edge computing services across developed and emerging economies
    • Increasing number of data centers operated by telecommunication service providers, cloud-based solution providers, and government agencies
  • Market Restraints
    • Bandwidth fluctuation and device compatibility issues associated with the network switches
  • Market Opportunities
    • Growing application of network switch in industrial infrastructures, such as smart grid, intelligent rail & traffic, security & surveillance, and other utilities
    • Continuous development in network switches to ensure network security, agility, and automation
  • Market Challenges
    • Presence of self-reliant enhanced data servers to easily access the data
Market Segmentation Analysis
  • Type: Significant demand for smart network switches

    Fixed Configuration Switches are designed with a specified number of ports and are not expandable. This makes them an appropriate choice for businesses or environments where network requirements are well-defined. These switches come in various models, including unmanaged, managed, and smart switches, to cater to different levels and complexities of network management tasks. Managed Switches offer comprehensive control over network traffic and administration. They allow network administrators to proactively configure, manage, and monitor LAN traffic, delivering enhanced performance and network security. Managed switches support various features such as VLANs, SNMP monitoring, link aggregation, and quality of service (QoS) settings, making them ideal for enterprise-level networks where customization and scalability are pivotal. Smart Switches, also known as intelligent switches, balance unmanaged and managed switches by offering certain features of managed switches without their complexity. These switches are more accessible to deploy than fully managed ones and provide features such as Quality of Service (QoS), VLANs, and essential security functions, making them suitable for small to medium-sized business networks requiring limited management capabilities with some flexibility. Unmanaged Switches are known for simplicity, require no configuration, and begin to operate as soon as they are connected. They generally have a smaller number of ports and are used for small networks where there is minimal need for intricate network configurations or traffic management. Modular Switches offer high flexibility and scalability. These come with expansion slots that allow network administrators to add or interchange modules to meet the evolving demands of a network. This feature makes modular switches highly adaptable and ideal for large enterprise networks that expect to scale or require the capability to support different media types and connectivity speeds.

  • Network Architecture: Increasing penetration of hybrid ports

    An Access Port is a switch port that connects end devices, such as workstations, printers, and phones, to the network. This type of port is configured to carry traffic for a single VLAN. The device, when connected to an Access Port, t sends and receives data frames associated with one specific VLAN, ensuring that the device can only communicate with other devices on the same VLAN, providing a simple form of network segmentation and security. A Hybrid Port on a network switch is more versatile than an Access Port and can carry multiple VLANs. It differs from the Trunk Port in that it allows for untagged or VLAN-tagged traffic. Designed to connect network devices that need to receive both untagged traffic and traffic that is already tagged from multiple VLANs, it fits scenarios where the connected device can manage traffic from different VLANs and must be part of one main VLAN without tags. This makes Hybrid Ports ideal for connecting devices such as VoIP phones or network cameras that can process VLAN-tagged packets and need an untagged (native) VLAN to boot up or for other operational tasks. A Trunk Port is used in network architecture to handle multiple VLANs across a single switch port. It is configured between switches or between a switch and a server or a router. Unlike Access Ports, Trunk Ports allow packets from various VLANs to traverse by adding tags, specifically, an additional header containing VLAN identification called a tag (except the native VLAN). This facilitates the segregation and transportation of traffic from multiple VLANs, which is essential for maintaining VLAN separations throughout the network. Trunk Ports are critical for creating a scalable and efficient network infrastructure, as they prevent the need for multiple single VLAN links between devices, which can be overly complex and inefficient.

  • Functionality: Emerging deployment of Power over Ethernet (PoE) Port

    A combo port is a versatile interface on network switches that provides the flexibility of using either a copper or a fiber Ethernet connection. A combo port includes one RJ45 socket and one Small Form-factor pluggable (SFP) socket within the same switch port grouping. The main advantage of the combo port is its capability to accommodate different medium types as needed, easing network design and expansion. By selecting a copper or fiber connection via the switch software, network administrators can seamlessly integrate various network segments requiring different cable types due to distance or signal integrity considerations. Power over Ethernet (PoE) ports on network switches enable power delivery and network connectivity through a single Ethernet cable. PoE is beneficial for devices such as VoIP phones, wireless access points, surveillance cameras, and other IoT devices where conventional power sources are unavailable or difficult to install. A PoE-supporting network switch can eliminate the need for additional power adapters and facilitate centralized power management, which is particularly useful for devices deployed in hard-to-reach locations. A stack port on a network switch is part of an architecture that allows multiple switches to be interconnected and managed as a single entity, often called stackable switches. Individual switches can be stacked through specialized stacking cables and dedicated stack ports to consolidate network management, simplify the setup, and enhance resilience. This approach to networking ensures scalable growth since it allows adding additional units to the stack to expand network capacity without the complexity of managing multiple independent switches.

  • End-User: Proliferating use by the telecommunication providers

    Integrating network switches in enterprise and industrial environments is critical for ensuring efficient data flow, high-speed connectivity, and reliable network performance. Enterprises across various sectors, including finance, healthcare, retail, and manufacturing, rely on advanced network switching solutions to support their complex operational requirements. Industrial-grade switches, specifically for harsh environments, offer rugged features to withstand extreme temperatures, vibrations, and other industrial conditions. Network switches in these settings enable resource sharing, enhance communication systems, optimize data center functions, and support the Internet of Things (IoT) infrastructure. Servers and storage providers are pivotal users of network switches, utilizing these devices to manage data traffic efficiently between storage systems, servers, and end-user clients. High-performance networking in this sector is imperative due to the large volumes of data handled and the need for fast data retrieval and storage capabilities. Network switches here are selected based on their ability to offer high data transfer rates, low latency, and advanced features such as Quality of Service (QoS), which allocates bandwidth for critical operations. Telecommunication providers are one of the primary consumers of network switches, deploying them extensively to support their vast and complex network infrastructures. These switches are vital in managing traffic and ensuring reliable service delivery across various communication channels, including broadband access, mobile networks, and VoIP services. The need for high-capacity backhaul to support increasing data usage and services, including 5G networks, further propels the adoption of advanced network switching technologies. The telecommunication segment seeks switches that provide high resilience, support for multiple services, and features that facilitate easy network management and automation, which are critical for maintaining optimal network performance and customer satisfaction.

Market Disruption Analysis

The market disruption analysis delves into the core elements associated with market-influencing changes, including breakthrough technological advancements that introduce novel features, integration capabilities, regulatory shifts that could drive or restrain market growth, and the emergence of innovative market players challenging traditional paradigms. This analysis facilitates a competitive advantage by preparing players in the Network Switches Market to pre-emptively adapt to these market-influencing changes, enhances risk management by early identification of threats, informs calculated investment decisions, and drives innovation toward areas with the highest demand in the Network Switches Market.

Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

The porter's five forces analysis offers a simple and powerful tool for understanding, identifying, and analyzing the position, situation, and power of the businesses in the Network Switches Market. This model is helpful for companies to understand the strength of their current competitive position and the position they are considering repositioning into. With a clear understanding of where power lies, businesses can take advantage of a situation of strength, improve weaknesses, and avoid taking wrong steps. The tool identifies whether new products, services, or companies have the potential to be profitable. In addition, it can be very informative when used to understand the balance of power in exceptional use cases.

Value Chain & Critical Path Analysis

The value chain of the Network Switches Market encompasses all intermediate value addition activities, including raw materials used, product inception, and final delivery, aiding in identifying competitive advantages and improvement areas. Critical path analysis of the <> market identifies task sequences crucial for timely project completion, aiding resource allocation and bottleneck identification. Value chain and critical path analysis methods optimize efficiency, improve quality, enhance competitiveness, and increase profitability. Value chain analysis targets production inefficiencies, and critical path analysis ensures project timeliness. These analyses facilitate businesses in making informed decisions, responding to market demands swiftly, and achieving sustainable growth by optimizing operations and maximizing resource utilization.

Pricing Analysis

The pricing analysis comprehensively evaluates how a product or service is priced within the Network Switches Market. This evaluation encompasses various factors that impact the price of a product, including production costs, competition, demand, customer value perception, and changing margins. An essential aspect of this analysis is understanding price elasticity, which measures how sensitive the market for a product is to its price change. It provides insight into competitive pricing strategies, enabling businesses to position their products advantageously in the Network Switches Market.

Technology Analysis

The technology analysis involves evaluating the current and emerging technologies relevant to a specific industry or market. This analysis includes breakthrough trends across the value chain that directly define the future course of long-term profitability and overall advancement in the Network Switches Market.

Patent Analysis

The patent analysis involves evaluating patent filing trends, assessing patent ownership, analyzing the legal status and compliance, and collecting competitive intelligence from patents within the Network Switches Market and its parent industry. Analyzing the ownership of patents, assessing their legal status, and interpreting the patents to gather insights into competitors' technology strategies assist businesses in strategizing and optimizing product positioning and investment decisions.

Trade Analysis

The trade analysis of the Network Switches Market explores the complex interplay of import and export activities, emphasizing the critical role played by key trading nations. This analysis identifies geographical discrepancies in trade flows, offering a deep insight into regional disparities to identify geographic areas suitable for market expansion. A detailed analysis of the regulatory landscape focuses on tariffs, taxes, and customs procedures that significantly determine international trade flows. This analysis is crucial for understanding the overarching legal framework that businesses must navigate.

Regulatory Framework Analysis

The regulatory framework analysis for the Network Switches Market is essential for ensuring legal compliance, managing risks, shaping business strategies, fostering innovation, protecting consumers, accessing markets, maintaining reputation, and managing stakeholder relations. Regulatory frameworks shape business strategies and expansion initiatives, guiding informed decision-making processes. Furthermore, this analysis uncovers avenues for innovation within existing regulations or by advocating for regulatory changes to foster innovation.

FPNV Positioning Matrix

The FPNV positioning matrix is essential in evaluating the market positioning of the vendors in the Network Switches Market. This matrix offers a comprehensive assessment of vendors, examining critical metrics related to business strategy and product satisfaction. This in-depth assessment empowers users to make well-informed decisions aligned with their requirements. Based on the evaluation, the vendors are then categorized into four distinct quadrants representing varying levels of success, namely Forefront (F), Pathfinder (P), Niche (N), or Vital (V).

Market Share Analysis

The market share analysis is a comprehensive tool that provides an insightful and in-depth assessment of the current state of vendors in the Network Switches Market. By meticulously comparing and analyzing vendor contributions, companies are offered a greater understanding of their performance and the challenges they face when competing for market share. These contributions include overall revenue, customer base, and other vital metrics. Additionally, this analysis provides valuable insights into the competitive nature of the sector, including factors such as accumulation, fragmentation dominance, and amalgamation traits observed over the base year period studied. With these illustrative details, vendors can make more informed decisions and devise effective strategies to gain a competitive edge in the market.

Recent Developments
  • Airtel to Deploy Nokia's OTN Switches in Pan-India Long-Distance Network Connecting Major Cities

    Airtel teamed up with Nokia to enhance its pan-India long-distance network through the deployment of Optical Transport Network (OTN) switches. This strategic move is aimed at bolstering the network’s capacity, and it follows the increasing demand for high-speed data services and the growth in 4G data traffic. [Published On: 2023-11-22]

  • Edgecore Networks Introduces New Switches with Cutting-Edge Connectivity for Powering Smart Buildings and IoT-enabled Venues

    Edgecore Networks announced the launch of its latest collection of switches, which are specifically designed to meet the growing connectivity demands of IoT (Internet of Things) devices. These state-of-the-art network switches are engineered to provide exceptional performance and reliability to support a wide range of IoT applications. The new switches have been meticulously crafted to offer enhanced connectivity solutions that are both flexible and scalable, catering to the diverse requirements of modern smart-device ecosystems. [Published On: 2023-08-17]

  • Broadcom Jericho3-AI Ethernet Switch Launched

    Broadcom introduced its new Jericho3 AI Ethernet switch, positioning it as a superior alternative to Nvidia's InfiniBand solutions for AI applications. The Jericho3 AI is specifically designed to tackle the high demands of AI and machine learning workloads, addressing the need for high-bandwidth, low-latency networking. The new Broadcom switch asserts its dominance by leveraging the widespread compatibility and scalability of Ethernet technology. [Published On: 2023-04-18]

Strategy Analysis & Recommendation

The strategic analysis is essential for organizations seeking a solid foothold in the global marketplace. Companies are better positioned to make informed decisions that align with their long-term aspirations by thoroughly evaluating their current standing in the Network Switches Market. This critical assessment involves a thorough analysis of the organization’s resources, capabilities, and overall performance to identify its core strengths and areas for improvement.

Key Company Profiles

The report delves into recent significant developments in the Network Switches Market, highlighting leading vendors and their innovative profiles. These include ALE International, Allied Telesis, Inc., ANTAIRA TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, Arista Networks, Inc., Axis Communications AB, B & H Foto & Electronics Corp, Beijer Electronics, Inc., Broadcom Inc., Buffalo Americas, Inc., Cisco Systems, Inc., Comark Technology Co.,Ltd., CommScope, Inc., D-Link Systems, Inc., Dell Inc., Emerson Electric Co., EnGenius Technologies, Inc., Extreme Networks, Inc., Fortinet, Inc., FS.com GmbH, FS.com Inc., Fujitsu Limited, Grandstream Networks, Inc., Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP, Honeywell International Inc., Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., IP Infusion, Juniper Networks, Inc., Lantronix, Inc., Larch Networks Ltd., LINKOH, Linksys Holdings, Inc., Lubi Electronics, Micro Electronics, Inc., Monoprice, Inc., NEC Corporation, NETGEAR Inc., Newegg Inc., NVIDIA Corporation, Omnitron Systems Technology, Inc., Perle, Pica8, Inc., Planet Technology, QNAP Systems, Inc., SALZ Automation GmbH, SonicWall, Inc., STORDIS GmbH, TITAN Commerce Continental Services GmbH, TRENDnet, Inc., VVDN Technologies, and Whaley Communications.

Network Switches Market - Global Forecast 2024-2030
To learn more about this report, request a free PDF copy
Market Segmentation & Coverage

This research report categorizes the Network Switches Market to forecast the revenues and analyze trends in each of the following sub-markets:

  • Type
    • Fixed Configuration Switches
      • Managed Switches
      • Smart Switches
      • Unmanaged Switches
    • Modular Switches
  • Network Architecture
    • Access Port
    • Hybrid Port
    • Trunk Port
  • Functionality
    • Combo Port
    • Power over Ethernet (PoE) Port
    • Stack Port
  • Data Speed
    • 10 GbE
    • 100 GbE
    • 100 MbE & 1 GbE
    • 2.5 GbE & 5 GbE
    • 200 GbE & 400 GbE
    • 25 GbE & 50 GbE
  • End-User
    • Enterprise & Industrial Use
    • Servers & Storage Providers
    • Telecommunication Providers

  • Region
    • Americas
      • Argentina
      • Brazil
      • Canada
      • Mexico
      • United States
        • California
        • Florida
        • Illinois
        • New York
        • Ohio
        • Pennsylvania
        • Texas
    • Asia-Pacific
      • Australia
      • China
      • India
      • Indonesia
      • Japan
      • Malaysia
      • Philippines
      • Singapore
      • South Korea
      • Taiwan
      • Thailand
      • Vietnam
    • Europe, Middle East & Africa
      • Denmark
      • Egypt
      • Finland
      • France
      • Germany
      • Israel
      • Italy
      • Netherlands
      • Nigeria
      • Norway
      • Poland
      • Qatar
      • Russia
      • Saudi Arabia
      • South Africa
      • Spain
      • Sweden
      • Switzerland
      • Turkey
      • United Arab Emirates
      • United Kingdom

This research report offers invaluable insights into various crucial aspects of the Network Switches Market:

  1. Market Penetration: This section thoroughly overviews the current market landscape, incorporating detailed data from key industry players.
  2. Market Development: The report examines potential growth prospects in emerging markets and assesses expansion opportunities in mature segments.
  3. Market Diversification: This includes detailed information on recent product launches, untapped geographic regions, recent industry developments, and strategic investments.
  4. Competitive Assessment & Intelligence: An in-depth analysis of the competitive landscape is conducted, covering market share, strategic approaches, product range, certifications, regulatory approvals, patent analysis, technology developments, and advancements in the manufacturing capabilities of leading market players.
  5. Product Development & Innovation: This section offers insights into upcoming technologies, research and development efforts, and notable advancements in product innovation.

Additionally, the report addresses key questions to assist stakeholders in making informed decisions:

  1. What is the current market size and projected growth?
  2. Which products, segments, applications, and regions offer promising investment opportunities?
  3. What are the prevailing technology trends and regulatory frameworks?
  4. What is the market share and positioning of the leading vendors?
  5. What revenue sources and strategic opportunities do vendors in the market consider when deciding to enter or exit?

Table of Contents
  1. Preface
  2. Research Methodology
  3. Executive Summary
  4. Market Overview
  5. Market Insights
  6. Network Switches Market, by Type
  7. Network Switches Market, by Network Architecture
  8. Network Switches Market, by Functionality
  9. Network Switches Market, by Data Speed
  10. Network Switches Market, by End-User
  11. Americas Network Switches Market
  12. Asia-Pacific Network Switches Market
  13. Europe, Middle East & Africa Network Switches Market
  14. Competitive Landscape
  15. Competitive Portfolio
  16. List of Figures [Total: 26]
  17. List of Tables [Total: 560]
  18. List of Companies Mentioned [Total: 50]
Understanding the Growing Application of Network Switches in Industrial Infrastructures
December 11, 2023
BLOG
Understanding the Growing Application of Network Switches in Industrial Infrastructures
Network switches are crucial elements in any modern computer network infrastructure or data center environment. They serve as the backbone of enterprise networks, where they provide the framework for the transfer of data between devices, servers, and systems. In recent years, the application of network switches has grown exponentially beyond the traditional office and home networks into a whole new arena of industrial infrastructures, such as smart grid, intelligent rail and traffic, security and surveillance, and other utilities. This blog post will explore the growing application of network switches in industrial infrastructures, the various types of network switches available in the market, their features and functionalities, and the benefits of using network switches in industrial environments.

The Growing Application of Network Switches in Industrial Infrastructures:

As industries and infrastructure become smarter and more connected, the need for high-performance and reliable networking solutions has become paramount. One of the primary applications of network switches in industrial infrastructures is in smart grid control systems. Network switches are used to provide seamless data flow between smart devices, meters, and control systems in the grid, ensuring that data is transmitted quickly, accurately, and securely.

In the transportation sector, network switches are used in intelligent rail and traffic systems, where they provide secure and reliable connectivity between sensors, cameras, traffic lights, and control systems. Furthermore, network switches are used in security and surveillance systems, allowing real-time monitoring and analysis of security cameras, alarms, and access control systems.

In the healthcare industry, network switches are used in medical devices, such as patient monitoring systems, hospital information systems, and drug-dispensing systems. They provide the high-speed, secure, and reliable connectivity needed to ensure the timely delivery of critical information and patient data.

Types of Network Switches for Industrial Infrastructures:

There are different types of network switches available in the market, and their suitability in an industrial environment depends on the specific application. Unmanaged switches are used in simple environments where basic plug-and-play network connectivity is required. Managed switches, on the other hand, are used in more complex environments where advanced features such as VLANs, port mirroring, and Quality of Service (QoS) are needed.

Industrial Ethernet switches are specifically designed for industrial environments, where they can withstand harsh conditions such as extreme temperatures, humidity, dust, and vibration. They are also equipped with features such as Power over Ethernet (PoE) and redundant power supplies.

Benefits of Network Switches in Industrial Infrastructures:

The use of network switches in industrial infrastructures offers numerous benefits, including improved data transfer speeds, enhanced network security, and increased network reliability. In smart grid control systems, network switches ensure that data is transmitted securely and accurately, reducing the risk of power outages and other system failures.

In transportation systems, network switches provide secure and reliable connectivity between sensors, cameras, traffic lights, and control systems, ensuring that real-time traffic updates and information are transmitted quickly and without interruption. In security and surveillance systems, network switches allow real-time monitoring, enabling faster response times and improved public safety.

Future Developments in Network Switches:

As industrial infrastructures become increasingly connected and complex, the demand for more advanced networking solutions is set to increase. Manufacturers are developing more sophisticated network switches that can accommodate high-speed data transfer, advanced analytics, and automation capabilities. Moreover, the shift towards Industry 4.0 and the Internet of Things (IoT) is likely to drive innovation in network switches, with manufacturers looking to develop solutions that can connect and manage large numbers of devices across multiple systems and networks.

The growing application of network switches in industrial infrastructures has transformed the way we think about networking. From smart grid control systems to intelligent rail and traffic systems, security and surveillance, and other utilities, network switches have become an integral part of modern industrial infrastructures. As more industries adopt smart technologies and connected systems, the demand for advanced and reliable networking solutions is set to increase further. Manufacturers are developing sophisticated network switches with advanced features and capabilities, setting the stage for a new era of connected and intelligent industrial infrastructures.

Frequently Asked Questions
  1. How big is the Network Switches Market?
    Ans. The Global Network Switches Market size was estimated at USD 33.56 billion in 2023 and expected to reach USD 35.55 billion in 2024.
  2. What is the Network Switches Market growth?
    Ans. The Global Network Switches Market to grow USD 51.93 billion by 2030, at a CAGR of 6.43%
  3. When do I get the report?
    Ans. Most reports are fulfilled immediately. In some cases, it could take up to 2 business days.
  4. In what format does this report get delivered to me?
    Ans. We will send you an email with login credentials to access the report. You will also be able to download the pdf and excel.
  5. How long has 360iResearch been around?
    Ans. We are approaching our 7th anniversary in 2024!
  6. What if I have a question about your reports?
    Ans. Call us, email us, or chat with us! We encourage your questions and feedback. We have a research concierge team available and included in every purchase to help our customers find the research they need-when they need it.
  7. Can I share this report with my team?
    Ans. Absolutely yes, with the purchase of additional user licenses.
  8. Can I use your research in my presentation?
    Ans. Absolutely yes, so long as the 360iResearch cited correctly.